Lancet Countdown in Europe

In 2023, record-breaking global temperatures highlighted the urgent need for climate action to prevent worsening climate-related health impacts. Europe, warming at twice the global average rate, faces significant health threats and unnecessary loss of life. The Lancet Countdown in Europe, established in 2021, aims to drive rapid health-responsive climate actions. Its 2022 report tracked progress using 33 indicators across five domains.

The latest report expands to 42 indicators, emphasizing the negative health impacts of climate change, the slow response of European countries, and missed health improvement opportunities. The report also examines inequality and justice, focusing on at-risk groups in Europe and the continent’s climate crisis responsibility.

Explore the Indicators

Climate change impacts, exposures, and vulnerabilities

  • 1.1.1 Vulnerability to heat exposure

  • 1.1.2 Exposure of vulnerable populations to heatwaves

  • 1.1.3 Physical activity related heat stress risk

  • 1.1.4 Heat-related mortality

  • 1.2.1 Wildfire smoke

  • 1.4.1 Allergenic trees

Adaptation, planning, and resilience for health

  • 2.1.1 National vulnerability and adaptation assessments

  • 2.1.2 National adaptation plans for health

  • 2.1.3 City – level climate change risks assessments

  • 2.2.1 Climate information for health

  • 2.2.2 Green space

  • 2.2.3 Air conditioning benefits and harms

Mitigation actions and health co-benefits

  • 3.1.1 Carbon intensity of the energy system

  • 3.1.2 Coal phase-out

  • 3.1.3 Renewable and zero-carbon emission electricity

  • 3.2.1 Premature mortality attributable to ambient fine particles

  • 3.2.2 Production-based and consumption-based attribution of CO2 and PM2.5 emissions

  • 3.3 Sustainable and healthy transport

  • 3.4.1 Life cycle emissions from food demand, production and trade

  • 3.4.2 Sustainable diets

  • 3.5 Health sector emissions and harms

Economics and finance

  • 4.1.1 Economic losses due to climate-related extreme events

  • 4.1.2 Change in labour supply

  • 4.1.3 Impact of heat on economic activity

  • 4.1.4 Monetised value of unhealthy diets

  • 4.2.1 Net value of fossil fuel subsidies and carbon prices

  • 4.2.2 Clean energy investment

Public and political engagement

  • 5.1.1 Coverage of health and climate Change in scientific articles

  • 5.1.2 Coverage of the health impacts of anthropogenic climate change

  • 5.2 Individual engagement with health and climate change on social media

  • 5.3.1 Engagement with health and climate change in the European Parliament

  • 5.3.2 Political engagement with health and climate change on social media

  • 5.4 Corporate sector engagement with health and climate change

  • 5.5 Media engagement with health and climate change

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